write about Hongwu 弘旿 (1743-1811), an aristocratic Manchu painter, grandson of the Kangxi emperor, who worked both at court and outside the court. For your paper, you should mainly focus on his non-court paintings, but also bear in mind his very interesting court production (I showed some of his court paintings in earlier classes). Outside the court, what kinds of paintings did he do, in what formats, for what kinds of people? You should be able to find numerous articles electronically on Hongwu on the site China Academic Journals, available through Bobst. Be aware of the library’s Chinese e-resources page.